"Research is formalized curiosity. It is poking and prying with a purpose.."

--Zora Neale Hurston

Research Interests

  • English for Security Forces - Men and women serving in law enforcement, military, or on peacekeeping missions often require English language skills as well as intercultural communicative competence in order to be effective in their positions. Unfortunately, there is a lack of language course materials designed to meet the needs of specific communication scenarios. Furthermore, there are limited opportunities to get the right learning materials to the right people at the right time. My research interests involve finding creative, digital training that can deliver pivotal communication solutions just in time.
  • Higher Education ESL Teacher Professional Development - Inservice English as a Second Language (ESL) teachers often find themselves buried under full course loads, administrative duties, and publications quotes. Finding time to develop professionally, often at the beck and call of their administration, is nearly impossible. Recently, elearning courses have been offered up as an anytime-anywhere solution to this problem. I am interested to see the effectiveness of these programs, what styles prove to have a high impact of teacher efficacy, and what types of programs create and maintain teacher motivation and retention.

Research Experiences

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Gishbaugher, J. J. (2015). Developing an English Curriculum for the Indonesian National Police: A Case Study. In H. D. Joyce & E. A. Thomson (Eds.), Language in uniform: Language analysis and training for defence and policing purposes (pp. 84-104). Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing.

Gishbaugher, J. J. & Eckhart, R. (2015). EOP and technology: Beating the pain curve. ESP News: The Newsletter of the English for Specific Purposes Interest Section. Retrieved from

Gishbaugher, J. J. (2016). Hitting a moving target: Bringing English for occupational purposes training Online. ESP News: The Newsletter of the English for Specific Purposes Interest Section. Retrieved from